United States – United Kingdom military cooperation under Donald Trump’s administration (2017 – 2021)
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Abstract. This article refers to military cooperation between the United States and Great Britain. Their relationship constitutes an important component of the system of the international relations. Both countries have nuclear weapons and the latest military technology. Both states are sending troops to resolve military conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa. The United States and the United Kingdom provide a significant support to Ukraine in its confrontation with the Russian Federation. Methodology. The research is based on chronological, historical-political and comparative methods. The purpose of the article is to study the changes and the development of the US-British bilateral relations in the context of military cooperation.
Looking at the results of this study, the US-British military relations under the Donald Trump administration have not changed. The article illustrates that the United States and the United Kingdom are the main partners in the production of weapons and equipment, strategic planning of operations. British ships in the Asian-Pacific and Middle East plying with the US Navy, repeatedly conducted joint exercises. These are the only countries that conduct the bilateral military exercises almost every year. Under the premiership of Theresa May and Boris Johnson, the United Kingdom pursued a foreign policy strategy which is called Global Britain. The main goal is to make the country more powerful in the international arena. At the same time Donald Trump`s main strategy was to «Made America great again». So, sometimes there were some political discussions among political leaders how to react and to solve the problems in the Middle East, especially in Iraq. However, this did not affect the proximity of the military partnership. Both countries work closely together in the military force and in intelligence.
Key Words. USA, United Kingdom, United States-United Kingdom relations.
- Hrubinko, A. (2016). The American-British relations and Great Britain in the European union`s policy in the context of the Brexit proxess. American history and policy, 2, 85-97. [In Ukrainian].
- Zhyhailo, V. (2019). Donald Trump’s foreign policy priorities. Politicus, Odessa, 3, 23-26. [In Ukrainian].
- Cheban, O. (2021). US-EU Controversy on Iranian Nuclear Program During Donald Trump’s Presidency: Implications for Euro-Atlantic Unity, Political life, 1, 140-150. [In Ukrainian].
- Congressional research service. (2017, July). Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response. https://bit.ly/3DfpgJm. [In English].
- NATO Comunications and information agency. (2017). Connecting forces in Formidable Shield 2017. https://bit.ly/32TO4tT [In English].
- Defence Minister hails UK–US transatlantic partnership. (2018, November). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/3plvwKv. [In English].
- Defence secretary discusses threats with counterpart. (2018, February). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/3pirtA2. [In English].
- Dunin-Wasowicz, R. (2017, January). UK – US special relationship: between a Trump rock and a Brexit hard place. LSE ideas. https://bit.ly/3pl70cr. [In English].
- Elgot, J. (2018, April). «No alternative»: Theresa May sends British jets to join airstrike on Syria. The Guardian. https://bit.ly/3EjHv1B. [In English].
- Goodhart, D. (2017, October). The United Kingdom’s Trump trap. Forreign Affairs. https://fam.ag/3DfCupu. [In English].
- Harrois, T. (2018). Towards Global Britain? Theresa May and UK`s Role in the World after Brexit. Observatoire de la société britannique. 21, 51-73. https://bit.ly/3xNo4eZ. [In English].
- James, Carr-Smith. Unparalleled partnership: continued U.S., British military cooperation is crucial. (2019, June). Assossiation of the United States Army. https://bit.ly/3GovBEn. [In English].
- Jeffrey, S. (2017, September). The Hollowing out of the special relationship. Forreign Affairs. https://fam.ag/31eLaj3. [In English].
- Kimberly, D. (2019, July) The Special U.S. – U.K. Relationship is bruised after Trump officials left U.K. out of iran strike planning. Time. https://bit.ly/3oe6Zb4. [In English].
- Langlois, L. (2018). Trump, Brexit and the Transatlantic relationship: The new paradigms of the Trump era. Revue Lisa. https://bit.ly/3G5LwXV. [In English].
- National Security Capability Review. (2018). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/3ofCCAT. [In English].
- National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review. (2015). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/3lsdc18. [In English].
- PM statement to the house on the integrated review. (2020, November, 19). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/2ZPTrcq. [In English].
- Storey, I. (2020, November). Can the UK achieve its Navan ambitions in the indo-pacific? The Diplomat. https://bit.ly/31ew7pz. [In English].
- Syria crisis response summery. (2021, August). Forreign, commonwealth and development office. https://bit.ly/3dhUXH6. [In English].
- The United Kingdom: Background, Brexit, and Relations with the United States. (2021, April). Congressional research service. https://bit.ly/3xN90hl. [In English].
- UK and Japan strengthen defence tie. (2017, December). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/3ofwLM0. [In English].
- UK and US stenghten maritime aviation cooperation. (2017, January). Gov.UK. https://bit.ly/3lsJFV4. [In English].
- Military bases. (2021). US military Bases in the United Kingom. https://bit.ly/3rqMUjP. [In English].
- Military news. (2021). US, UK sign Agreement to merge forces for historic joint carrier deployment. https://bit.ly/3H2UG88. [In English].