Ph.D. (Political Sciences)
Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine
Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine
The article is devoted to the problems of racial discrimination and the anti-segregation struggle for the rights of Black citizens in American society. This problem remains relevant despite the successes of the civil rights movement and the activities of many organizations in support of the Coloured population. In this regard, the primary tasks are the following: to study the phenomenon of segregation as an instrument of racism; to identify the roots of segregation policies and the turning points in history that allowed it to be implemented; to study the evolution of the civil rights movement and to determine its achievements; to explore the phenomenon of Black Power, its impact on the consciousness of Blacks and American society in general; and to discuss the current state of American society on the subject of social justice, taking into account interethnic communication.
The methodological background of the current study includes a set of general and special research methods that could be partially represented by the followings. The descriptive-historical and chronological approaches allowed to examine the outlined issues in historical retrospect and to track changes in both segregation policy and the civil rights movement. The integrated approach helped to connect different aspects of the studied problem and to link them to specific events, which made it possible to give a holistic assessment of the state of American society from the late 19th to the early 21th centuries. The research used statistical, analytical and comparative methods that were applied to analyse the situation on educational segregation and rates of living and safety of the Black population in the U.S. society.
Scientific novelty involves conducting a comprehensive research based on American sources and examining the works of specialists in the field of African American studies, with the aim of their further introduction into the domestic scientific circulation. Finally, the authors conclude that despite racial segregation was not eliminated during the rise of civil rights movement, it put the new beginning for the long-term positive shifts in American society that gives hope for improving relations between Blacks and Whites and maintaining social justice for all ethnical minorities.
Key words: segregation, Black Power, civil rights movement, education, American society, justice.
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