DOI: 10.17721/2521-1706.2019.08.08

Mykola Saychuk

PhD in History, Board member of the Ukrainian Association for American Studies, Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract. The paper deals with one of the most significant issue of the Cold War, – the plan “Dropshot”.  The article analyzes the content and history of the creation and adoption of the US national war plan “Dropshoot”, as well as how it was reflected in Soviet and contemporary Russian researches. It is determined that both in the USSR and in modern Russia, the same theses (developed in the works of several Soviet researchers) are applied to “Dropshot” plan. Obviously, this is done in the interests of propaganda and justification of specific political interests, that have not changed in Russia since the collapse of the USSR. One of the more fascinating aspects of the plan that its target was Soviet (Russian) society which are very sensible concerning “belligerent the USA and the West phobia”.

The article is built on comparative analysis of the key documents which are reviewed and evaluated in the context of Russian and US approaches concerning the issue. It also explores the ways of fulfillment of the plan as they were imagined in the USSR.

After a detailed comparison of these Russian theses with the contents of the “Dropshoot” plan and an analysis of the events, in the context of which the plan was elaborated, a conclusion is drawn about their inconsistency. Both in the USSR and in Russia, the data on the decision to create mass armies for rapid offensive operations in Europe, adopted in early January 1951 in Moscow with the direct involvement of Stalin, remain secret. Instead, the “Dropshot” plan planned military operations against the USSR and its allies after their conquest of continental Europe. We prove here that the plan was mostly defensive and its offensive features were invented by Soviet propaganda. The Pentagon did not possess enough nuclear bombs to make it a reality and such called “preventive war” against the USSR was not possible. The only Soviet strategists and Stalin personally had strategic views to expand Soviet influence in Europe by all means.

Key words: USA, USSR, NATO, Warsaw Pact, Cold War, Dropshot.

Full text

References:

  1. Lashkov, A. & Holotyuk, V. (2014). 100-letye protyvovozdushnoj oborony 1914 – 2014. Moskva: Russkye vytyazy. [In Russian].
  2. Pervov, I. (1989). Pentagon: stavka na pobedu v jadernoq vojne (istorija i sovremennost). Zarubegnoe voennoe obozrenie, 5, 7-13. [In Russian].
  3. Jakovlev, N. (1983). ZRU protiv SSSR. Moskva: Pravda. [In Russian].
  4. Jakovlev, A. (1984).Оt Тrumena do Rejgana: Doktriny I realnosti jadernogo veka. Moskva: Molodaja gvardija. [In Russian].
  5. Jakovlev, N. (1993). 1 avgusta 1914. Moskva: [In Russian].
  6. Cristescu, C. (1999). Ianuarie 1951: Stalin decide înarmarea Magazin Istoric, 10, 5-23. [In Romanian].
  7. Brown, A. (Е). (1978). Dropshot: The United States Plan for War with the Soviet Union in 1957. New York: Dial Press; Stated First Printing edition. [In English].
  8. Raport asupra Consfatuirii reprezentantilor tarilor de democratie populara si ai Uniunii Sovietice – la Moscova in zilele de 9-12 ianuarie 1951. (1998). Buletinul Arhivelor Militare Române, 2-3, 74-75. [In Romanian].
  9. Ross, S. (1996). American war plans 1945-1950. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. [In English].
  10. Sokolsky, J. (1991). Seapower in the Nuclear Age. The United States Navy and NATO 1949-80 . London & New York: Routledge. [In English].