Oleh Bulka, Graduate Student, State Organization “The Institute of the World History”, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
The article touches upon the causes and prerequisites for signing of CanadaUnited States Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, the United States and Mexico which are examined through the prism of the positions of the political elites of Canada regarding integration processes on the North American continent. It is noted that for Canada, the integration problem has not only been economic, but also political and cultural, taking into account the danger of the possible presence in the wake of a more powerful neighbor – the United States. It is shown that back in the time proposed, the controversial landscape around the problem was formed by two ideological approaches that had their own economic and political arguments. This discussion may be described as a debate of positions which in Canada are called continentalism and economic nationalism. It is pointed out that under pressure of economic needs of Canada, the position of the so-called «second alternative» or continentalism, which had focused on strengthening cooperation with the United States and represented by Canadian conservatives, has succeeded to prevail. Instead, economic nationalists, represented by Canadian liberals, have failed. It was revealed that the signing of free trade agreements had had positive consequences for the further economic development of Canada.
North American integration, Canada, USA, Mexico, NAFTA, free trade, political elites
1. STRITCH, A. (1994) The Costs of Free Trade. Crosscurrents: contemporary political issues. Scarborough, Ont., Nelson Canada. P. 525-536.
2. BESSONOVA, M. (2004) Osnovni vymiry problem ekonomichnoyi intehratsiyi Kanady z SSHA (kinetsʹ 1980-kh – pochatok 1990-kh rr.). Visnyk Skhidnoukrayinsʹkoho natsionalʹnoho universytetu im. V. Dalya. Naukovyy zhurnal. 9 (79). P. 22-28. 3. WOOTON, I. (1994) The Case for a More Liberal Trade Regime. Crosscurrents: contemporary political issues. P. 516-524.
4. INTERNET ARCHIVE WAYBACK MACHINE. (1996) The Liberal Party of Canada Red Book. [Online] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/19961109135653/http://www.liberal.ca/english/policy/red_book/red_index.h tml [Accessed: 21st November 2017].
5. SOKOLOV, V. (ed.) (2002) Kanada: vzglyad iz Rossii. Ekonomika, politika, kul’tura. Moscow. Ankil.