Oleg Mashevskyi, Dr. habil. (history), Professor, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Andriy Kobalia, IV year student Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
The article attempts to discover and characterize the causes and preconditions of the Quebec Easter rebellion and explore the mobilization crisis in Canada. The underlying causes, the antagonism between the Anglo-French and the Canadians, differences in religion, language and lifestyles, the colonial policy of the British Empire in Canada and, in particular, in the Francophone provinces of the Dominion, have been investigated. The proposed research aims to embrace all strata of the Canadian society, from peasants and soldiers to city dwellers and clergy. The article also focuses on a different level of political leadership explaining that the politics of the home front was not just a conflict between the imperialists and the nationalists, while at the same time providing the background of the issues surrounding Regulation 17. The preconditions which had arose in Canada in the last pre-war years, as well as the social specifity, which divided the society into either supporters or opponents of the governmental mobilization policies, have been analyzed. Among different groups of sources, the influence of media on the intentions in Quebec province and English Canada have been explored.
The research has been based on the newest foreign historiography, including that in English and French first-ever used for the analysis of the mobilization crisis in Canada in the First World War, as well as the general analysis and typology of the available historiographical achievements of both American and European historians.
Quebec, Anglo-Canadians, Franco-Canadians, First World War, “Regulation 17″
1. CASTEL, H. (1919) Canada at War. New York: George H. Doran Company.
2. MACKENZIE, D. (2014) Canada and the First World War: essays in honour of Robert Craig Brown. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
3. GRANATSTEIN, J. (1977) Broken promises: A History of Conscription in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 4. WILLMS, M. (2011) Conscription, 1917: a brief for the defence. The Canadian Historical review. №8. P. 338–351.
5. AUGER, M. (2008) On the Brink of Civil War: The Canadian Government and the Suppression of the 1918 Quebec Easter Riots. Canadian Historical Review, 89(4), P.503-540.
6. COUTARD, J. (1999) Des Valeurs en guerre. presse, propagande et culture de guerre au Quebec 1914-1918. Quebec: Laval presse.
7. SHEPPARD, C. (2011) The Law of Languages in Canada. Studies of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism. Information Canada. №11. P. 34–43.
8. McHUGH, M. (2013) The Invasion of the Home Front: Revisiting, Rewriting, and Replaying the First World War in Contemporary Canadian Plays. Ottawa: UO Press.
9. MORTON, W. (1961) The Canadian Identity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
10. MORTON, D. (2015) Did the French Canadians Cause the Conscription Crisis of 1917? Canadian Military History. №24. P. 88–99.
11. BREBNER, J. (1960). Canada. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
12. WADE, M. (1955) The French Canadians. 1760-1945. New York: The Macmillan Company.
13. KOLENKO, V. (2006) Frantsuzskaya Kanada v proshlom I nastoyaschem. Ocherki istorii Kvebeka XVII – XX veka. М: Nauka.
14. DANILOV, S. (2006) Istoriya Kanady. М.: Ves’ mir.
15. War Measures Act, 1914 (1914) Wikimedia. [Online] – Available from: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/War_Measures_Act,_1914. – [Accessed: 01.09.2017].
16. JEFFREY, K. (1997) Propaganda and Censorship During Canada`s Great War. Alberta: The University of Alberta Press. 17. L’Autorité (1913-1955) (1955) [Online] – Available from: http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2086124 – [Accessed: 01.09.2017].
18. Conscription referendums, 1916 and 1917 (1918) [Online] – Available from: http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/fact-sheets/fs161.aspx – [Accessed: 24.11.2017].
19. Quebec Telegraph (1987) [Online] – Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=5Y1KH4bkPm0C&dat=19170809&printsec=frontpa ge&hl=en – [Accessed: 25.05.1917].
20. La Patrie 1879-1978 (1978) [Online] – Available from: http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/828247#http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/828247# – [Accessed: 01.09.2017].
21. La Patrie 1879-1978 (1978) [Online] – Available from: http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/828247#http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/828247# – [Accessed: 01.09.2017]