Liudmila Zhuravlova, Ph.D., Lecturer, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Kiev
The article analyzes the basic principles of US space policy which developed at the end of the 1980’s. The main focus is made on the detection and investigation of the priority of space component in the general political course of the republican administration of George H. W. Bush.
The article analyzes the process of revision the objectives of the United States space program by the American leadership and highlights the place and role of the commercial component in this process. The basic tools and methods of US space policy in the commercialization of space activities have been characterized. Unlike the other presidents before him, George H.W. Bush has put the space program on the agenda from the beginning of his presidency. The ambitions and large-scale plans of the President have been embodied in the Space Exploration Initiative 1989, including, among other things, the tasks of a manned flight and landing a man on Mars. It is determined that the result of George. H.W. Bush’s announcement of such a costly and technically complex space program has become a confrontation along the lines of the president – NASA, president – Congress, which received the indicative name «Mars Wars».
As far as it is concerned, the US space program of George. H.W. Bush’s presidential administration had a high priority and it laid the foundation for the reviewing fundamental principles of the American space policy by next administrations.
the US Space Policy, George H.W.Bush, peaceful use of space, corporatization of space, Cosmic Research Iniciative.
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