Ph. D. (Political Sciences), Associate Professor, Odesa I. I. Mechnykov National University, Odesa, Ukraine.
Abstract. The article considers the main directions of EU cooperation between Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. It was proved that Latin American countries will increasingly be involved in the search for a new model of interaction between the world community in the context of changes in the international order. This is especially true for resource potential and deeper cooperation with EU countries. The agreement on a common trade area only strengthened these processes and enabled the leading countries of Latin America to enter new international markets.
The aim of the article is to consider the evolution of relations between the EU and the leading states of the Latin America region.
Research methods. Using the case study method helped to focus on the shared main and problematic areas of cooperation between the EU, Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. This method is used to study individual countries, political systems, and specific political phenomena. Such methods as analysis and synthesis and the comparative approach made it possible to draw parallels between the countries and the scope of cooperation between relationship participants.
The scientific novelty consists in the systematization and consideration of new research areas in the bilateral relations of the European Union countries and the leading countries of Latin America. The international actors’ cooperation in the economic and political sphere of the EU countries with Brazil, Argentina and Mexico was analyzed through the prism of transatlantic relations.
In the conclusions of the work, the positive dynamics of cooperation between the EU and the leading countries of the Latin American region are indicated. It is emphasized that active collaboration and the development of economic and political directions of cooperation may lead to the creation of the world’s largest trade zone between the EU and MERCOSUR in the future. It is noted that the formation of the Latin American policy vector in the EU’s foreign policy strategy led to the deepening of relations with Brazil, Argentina and Mexico.
Key words: transatlantic relations, EU, Brazil, Аrgentina, Mexico Latin America
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