Ihor Rymar, post-graduate student Mykhailo Drahomanov National Pedagogical University, Kyiv.

Abstract

The article describes the policy of the Communist Party of the USA on the basis of documents and monographic literature. The work analyzes the relationship with the Third International within the framework of the recessive tactical – strategic model during August 1939 – June 1941.

The attention is paid to the reaction of the direct participants in the events, first of all, the members of the Communist Party of the USA, to the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact on August 23, 1939. The analysis of the attitude of the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USA E. Browder to both the pact itself and to the foreign policy line pursued by the USSR and the Third International in August 1939 – June 1941.

Being on the periphery of the interests of the Secretariat of the Third International, the Communist Party of the United States supported and defended the thesis of the “imperialist” nature of the war, the involvement of governments, especially Great Britain and France, as well as the administration of F. Roosevelt, its continuation and prolongation, development into a world war. Special attention is paid to the position of the US Communist Party to the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940.

The article analyses the Voorhis Act, its influence on the position of the Communist Party of the United States, and the problem of the existence of the Third International as an organization of the international communist movement on the eve of the German-Soviet war of 1941-1945.

Key words: World War II, Comintern, Communist Party of the USA, recession, tactical – strategic model, Voorhis Act.

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DOI http://doi.org/10.17721/2521-1706.2018.05.140-152