DOI 10.17721/2521-1706.2023.16.10

Martynov Andrei

doctor of history science, professor, leading researcher at at the Institute of history of Ukraine The National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

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Abstract. The author analyzed in detail the main factors that influence the US policy towards Ukraine: 1) the relative importance of the internal and external priorities of the US, 2) the relative commitment to the policy of a united free Europe, 3) the relative importance of the policy towards Ukraine against other foreign policy priorities, 4) perceived complementarity Kyiv’s behavior with US interests and goals, 5) perceived coherence of Moscow’s behavior with US interests and goals, 6) relevant views of key figures in the executive branch of government and their relative influence, 7) pressure and restrictions from Congress, 8) pressure from Ukrainian organizations diaspora.

In the first chapter of the monograph, the author addressed the period of R. Reagan’s presidency, when American policy towards the USSR consolidated liberal-democratic values and pragmatic interests. The second chapter examines in detail the vicissitudes of recognition of the independence of Ukraine by the United States. The third chapter of the monograph examines the role of the USA in the process of nuclear disarmament of Ukraine. The fourth chapter of the monograph is devoted to the US position regarding the Orange Revolution in Ukraine. In the fifth chapter, the author analyzed the reasons for the US’s refusal to provide assistance to Ukraine with lethal weapons.

Key words: USA, Russia, Ukraine, nuclear weapons, Orange Revolution, hybrid war.

Submitted: 10.10.2023